Gerund dan Participle

GERUND

a. pengatar

garund adalah kata kerja bentuk -ing yang berfungsi sebagai kata benda. Gerund dapat berfungsi subyek, obyek, pelengkap predikat maupun sebagai keterangan kata benda.

b. Fungsi Gerund

dalam kalimat gerund dapat berfungsi :

1. sebagai subyek

contoh : a. swimming makes us healthy.

b. Being poor forced him to rob the bank

2. Sebagai obyek

contoh : Mother does not like smoking

3. sebagai pengekap predikat

contoh : My sister’s hobby is dancing

4. Sesudah preposisi

contoh : she went to bet after reading the novel

5. sesudah possessive adjective

contoh : we are lookking forward to her coming next year.

6. sesudah kata kerja tertentu :

admit               avoid                  excuse                      recent

keep                 consider             fancy                        resist

appreciate       delay                  finish                        risk

mind                 deny                  postpone                  suggest

anticipate         enjoy                 practise                    understand

contoh :would you mind not smoking in this office ?

7. kata kerja dapat diikuti gerund atau to infinitive

remember, forget, regret, stop

contoh : I forget telling her the story

(I forget that I told her the story)

I forget to tell her the story

(I forget that I will tell her the story)

8. kata kerja dengan preposisi to

get used to           =  terbiasa                                                be used to                  =  terbiasa

take to                  =  menyukai                                             be accustomed to     =   terbiasa

object to               =  berkeberatan                                       be averse to              =   terbiasa

look forward to   =  menunggu-nunggu

contoh : the lazy students are not looking forward to going bak to school

PARTICIPLE

a. pengatar

dalam bahasa inggris dikenal dua macam participle yaitu present participle/active participle dan past participle/passive participle. keduanya mempunyai bentuk dan arti yang berbeda. Active Participle (V-ing) artinya menunjuk pada kegiatan yang bersifat aktif, sedangkan past participle (V-3) artinya menunjuk pada kegiatan yang bersifat pasif.

b. active participle

1. sebagai keterangan kata benda.

contoh : the dancing girl is my classmate.

the girl dancing on the stage is my classmate.

2. sesudah kata kerja berhubungan dengan panca indera.

catch                              hear                              notice                                  smell

feel                                 listen to                        observe                              watch

find                                look at                           see

contoh : on my way home I saw the children playing.

3. sebagai adverb clause

contoh : Knowing her address, he sent her a letter.

(AS he knew her address, he sent her a letter)

Having finished her work, she went home.

(after she had finished her work, she went home).

c. past participle

1. sebagai keterangan kata benda

contoh : the written test is more difficult

the test written by the professor is more difficult

2. sebagai adverb clause

contoh : situated near the beautiful beach, the town soon becomes a popular tourists resort.

(because the town is situated near the beautiful beach, the town soon becomes a popular tourists resort)

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

Logo WordPress.com

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout / Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Google+

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout / Ubah )

Connecting to %s